The Importance of “the Trading Frequency”

you look at a chart of a pair (FX), and you see an upward trend. They change the period and show you the updated chart of the same paid, during the same time frame and you see a downward trend. What’s going on? It’s the same pair, same timeframe, but the perception is completely opposite?

/will come to the answer in a separate post later/**

Now I suspect in a certain frequency, i.e. frequency which corresponds to periods of 2 hours, 7 minutes and 21 seconds; for this specific pair, you always see an upward trend, and I mean ALWAYS. One might speculate that in this frequency he can “expect” that the same “upward trend” continues. and if so, based his trade on that. This is The Frequency!

On Democratizing the Ad “Industry”

part 1: The arrogance of the ad industry

The ad industry hasn’t learned from its pervious shortcomings and mistakes. The form has changed: it’s more sophisticated and “modern-looking” than what it used to be; but the arrogance of the ad industry sickens me and probably sickens you too! How arrogant it is to bombard us with un-neccessary and un-wanted information to manipulate us to change our behavior and go for a product or service, in exchange for what? visiting a website, reading an email, or passing a street? This is pure arrogance! I do want to have my own space, with respect to my intelligence, without being shaped by who pays more for an ad space!

The anti-Ad “Industry”: why are we paying our manipulators?

part 2: when were the last changes happened in the digital ad industry?

  • display ads: Once dominated by Google Adsense, it’s a bloodline of huge companies like Google’s parent, Alphabet, and Facebook Inc.
  • native ads: a little bit less boring, but even more irrelevant. They were interesting for a few years, but they lost the track. Huge players weren’t much successful in the area!
  • influencers: what is good about seeing someone get some money to influence/manipulate me?! cheap bastards! Why does he have to make money that comes from my pockets?? Think about it! The advertiser is not a non-profit! It gets its marketing budget from the buyer, who is already being “influenced”. If the influencers have ethics, they beg for my donation, rather than trying to deceive me!

part 3- where are we now?

not a very good location! Publishers and content creators are not happy, they make way less money than what they used to. People are not happy, because the ads are not relevant, they are boring and repetitive, and nobody clicks on the ads. Even bloodsucker monopolies corporations are not happy, as when people don’t click on the boring ads, and less money goes to them, they have to suck the blood from publishers, even more. 

part 4- the solution

We’re not gonna reveal it here. It’s a business decision. IF we reveal the secret sauce, those big bloodsuckers will swallow us in matter of seconds. We do have the secret sauce: espera muchacha!

The Many Minds, Out-of-the-brain!

are there multiple minds in us? how many?

there are many neurons in our bodies, billions and billions. Some say 100 billion in our brain and many billions around the body. So is it possible that the neurons in the other parts of the body have mind/consciousness? I’d say, YES!

All animals are conscious, or at least the crustaceans and “smarter” ones are conscious. What makes them conscious? A series of neurons? a specific type of neuron? a network of specific neurons with a specific design? we don’t know, or at least I don’t know if we know!

so if a series or a network or a network of networks is enough to create consciousness, we can have a lot of them, and I mean a lot of them within this billion of billions of neurons that are out of the brain. We can even have millions of Out-of-the-brain consciousness-centers/minds! (Or maybe we just have 7 of them, like the seven chakras, at the same locations? If so, that would be very wierd that ancient civilizations knew these, and how? seriously how would have been able to know that?)

If so, how do these “minds” interact/communicate with each other? What happens when they contradict with each other? Do they fight? Can they overpower each other? I think so! I think there’s a natural-selection evolution-like interaction between them, and once in a while, some defect, some survive, and some are empowered, like the kings! And our dreams are just part of the flow of these interactions between only a very few of our minds, the in-the-brain minds!

So what happens if we lose any of these minds, suddenly, i.e. in an accident? The answer is the networks re-arrange, some change accordingly and some new power-networks emerge!

Let’s call this, “The Many Minds, Out-of-the-brain”

if a language doesn’t serve us, should we continue using and “preserving” it?

why do we need to keep English as-is? we’re moving to the zone that men and women are equal, we’ve “advertised” gender equality for generations, and we not only are differentiating people based on their gender but also are differentiating things as “he” and “she“? Why do we have to bring down things and animals as “it“?? This is “wrong“! We should remove ‘he’ and ‘she’ and call everyone and everything ‘it’.

So either we have to evolutionize the language, based on the new era and its environment, or the language can’t keep up with our progress. In this case, are we obliged ethically, to preserve the slow-moving language or we have to create new languages and see which one, the old languages or the new one will survive? “Darwinism in language“! The only criterium is not that the conquerors (or the “first world”, or the “developed world” or the ones that have overactive reproduction skills) “write the history” in choosing the “winner” language.

if there’s a god why should we worship him?

Assuming there exists a god somewhere (or nowhere) why should we worship him? is it “ethical” to worship him? is it because of ethics? which ethics? The same one that is “designed”/created by the same guy/god?

should bitcoin was designed, such that after each transaction, the coins send a love message to Satoshi?! Should bitcoins look at the ledgers at a time, in a sudden, and come to the conclusion that “you see this order is not accidental”/bullshit reasoning for the believers to “believe”, and religion starts?

So is it that we only worship the god, because there’s no god? Or is it we’re betraying the god’s “ethics” by worshiping him? Since if there’s a god, it shouldn’t be “ethical” for the god to design the system, such that the creatures/”mental slaves” worship him!

Or it’s that our logic/(and/or)”ethics” should be “wrong”?

or our “wrong” is “”wrong””…

Fighting Elephant Slavery

Part 1-

It was just a display ad in a busy corridor in Narita International Airport (NRT Airport), one of the world’s busiest airports. An ad by Master Card depicting a few tourists riding elephants close to Angkorwat temple in Cambodia, and people were passing by, without noticing how it subconsciously is promoting elephant riding as a cool experience in Southeast Asia. Even worse, it was promoting elephant riding as a must-do experience while you’re in Asia.

What the ad wasn’t depicting was the true stories of suffers, tortures, psychological and physical damage and a life-long of slavery for these poor animals. The life that is sentenced to beating, entangling, until she breaks down. Until she doesn’t have any will, Until she doesn’t have any hope, until she doesn’t have the hope to fight, until she says my life is to be a slave, to accept THE BREAKDOWN. What has she done to deserve this life-long punishment??

Part 2-

We need to hold brands accountable for what they do and what they do to our planet and wellbeing of animals. If a giant corporation like MasterCard is directly (or indirectly) promoting elephant riding which is a KNOWN animal abuse, then it needs to be accountable. In the process of “taming”, baby elephants are severely tortured, beaten, and strangled, so they lose whatever willpower they have and become submissive to their “human trainers”. For decades, elephants are kept in inhumane conditions, without proper care, enough food, and

Part 3- Our demands:
1- immediate removal of all the billboards, posters or any advertising material that contains animal abuse
2- publicly condemn elephant riding as a form of animal abuse in major publishing materials in Southeast Asia, and on TV
2.5- publicly apologize for these ads
3- donate the same amount to elephant sanctuaries that house retired abused elephants or $5 m whichever is more.
4- support charities that fight against elephant riding
5- fund release of 400 elephants from elephant riding facilities through Southeast Asia
6- never support any form of animal abuse such as zoos, riding, etc whatsoever

FTLOA GOAL: use the power of social media to make corporations accountable
Can we sue MasterCard?
Sue rhino herbal tea for misleading ads, promoting false belief that rhino horn has viagra effects

Theta waves: an overview from generation to importance

  • Brain systems involved in the generation of Theta oscillations
  • Classic Theta model and its inadequacies
  • Transmitters and receptors responsible for theta oscillations: roles for cholinergic, GABA-A and NMDA receptors
  • Contribution of the Dentate Gyrus and CA3 recurrent collateral system to theta generation
  • The involvement of GABAergic interneurons in theta activity
  • Intrinsic resonant properties of neurons contribute to theta oscillations
  • Timing of action potentials within the theta cycle
  • Hippocampus plasticity during theta oscillations
  • Significance of theta oscillations and future directions

Theta oscillations are perhaps the most important and well-studied oscillations within all mammalian nervous systems. Theta waves are large amplitude and prominent oscillations. Theta rhythm has a specific range of frequency from 4 Hz to 10 Hz and is crucial for proper functioning of the hippocampus. Depending on the ​ongoing behavioral state of the animal, and also during REM sleep, this rhythm persists​ but varies in some characters (i.e. frequency). It is believed that theta rhythm plays key roles in the ​coordination of hippocampal neural networks. Theta waves may provide phasic effects on both synaptic transmission and on the baseline of membrane potential in single hippocampal neurons and may provoke phase precession in the ​timing of action potentials in place cells. Therefore the temporal relationship between theta rhythm and spikes may act as a coding and decoding mechanism for the place. Theta oscillations are also effective in synaptic plasticity and thus may be responsible for memory encoding and memory retrieval.


Although this wave is present in all mammalian hippocampal field potentials, its amplitude and phase varies as a function of depth and creates a unique phase versus depth profile. In addition to CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus, many other limbic and even neocortical nuclei contain theta rhythm and some of these regions (i.e. MSDBB) are believed to play an essential role in the generation of theta rhythm. Also, some other regions within the hippocampus, such as dentate gyrus and CA3 recurrent collateral system contribute to this rhythm.

Despite the fact that the underlying mechanism behind theta rhythmogenesis is yet unresolved, several models have been developed to explain the ​generation of theta waves and to describe the unique phase versus depth structure of theta oscillations in the ​hippocampus. One of the notable models is “classic” theta model which is constituted on collaborations of the​ septal pacemaker (MSDBB) and follower hippocampal neurons: It is assumed that the hippocampal follower neurons (CA1 pyramidal cells) have passive properties and their activation is solely depends on the sum of EPSPs and IPSPs inputs. The septal pacemaker neurons provide GABAergic inhibitory inputs to basket interneurons and cholinergic depolarizing inputs to both interneurons and pyramidal cells. In addition, neurons of entorhinal cortex provide depolarizing inputs to the ​distal dendritic region of pyramidal cells. These excitatory and inhibitory dipoles induce perisomatic electrical flow. In a population of pyramidal cells, these extracellular flows would accumulate and eventually produce the theta rhythm.

Although this model is consistent with experimental data and is successful in answering some critical questions about theta oscillations, but suffers from a few inadequacies: For example, unlike the assumption that pyramidal neurons have passive properties, many studies have indicated pyramidal neurons- and also many other neurons in MSDBB and entorhinal cortex- have membrane resonance properties. These neurons have a tendency to oscillate in a preferred range of frequency, around the theta frequency in this case. This intrinsic resonance may contribute to the fact that the theta rhythm preserves a certain range of frequency and also it may play role in the ​coordination of theta oscillations.

In conclusion, extensive theta waves provide harmonious context for the​ activity of hippocampal neurons and may produce a ​ synergy between the behavioral state of the nervous system and physiological state of individual components.

Date: Nov 28th 2010

  • [1] O’Keefe J., Recce M.L. (1993), Phase relationship between hippocampal place units and the EEG theta rhythm, Hippocampus, 3(3): 317-330
  • [2] Buzsaki G. (2002), Theta oscillations in hippocampus, Neuron, 33:1-20
  • [3] Hirase H., Czurko A., Csicsvari J., Buzsaki G. (1999), Firing rate and theta-phase coding by hippocampal pyramidal neurons during ‘space clamping’, European journal of neuroscience, 11:4373-4380
  • [4] Geisler C., Diba K., Pastalkova E., Mizuseki K., Royer S., Buzsaki G. (2010), Temporal delays among place cells determine the frequency of population theta oscillations in hippocampus, PNAS, 107(17)7957-7962
  • [5] Kamondi A., Acsady L., Wang X., Buzsaki G. (1998), Tetha oscillations in somata and dendrites of hippocampal pyramidal cells in vivo: activity-dependent phase-precession of action potentials, 8:244-261

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